Biodiversity gardening is a unique attempt for biodiversity conservation through simple and low cost methods. A biodiversity garden creates critical habitat for our native pollinators, a healthy ecosystem for humans and an informal way of learning the environment.
Thematic biodiversity gardens are based on a theme which will help in creation of micro habitats within townships, institutions which support the native flora and fauna. The aim of such biodiversity gardens is to ensure that the “green area” is not just a patch of exotic ornamental plants which does not provide much ecosystem services and support to life around them. Popular biodiversity garden themes are butterfly, medicinal plants, birds, fruit trees etc. It is a unique attempt for biodiversity conservation through simple and low cost methods. It provide habitat for many species. They help to reduce the atmospheric carbon levels through carbon sequestration, which contributes in mitigating climate change.
TIES works in this field aiding corporates and institutions in making BEP in their campus to improve their aesthetic beauty and enhance the biodiversity conservation. Apollo, Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL), MG University, etc. are some areas where TIES aided them to set-up the BEP. Fruit tree gardens, butterfly garden, medicinal garden, wild tree garden, fernarium, star garden are the major enhancement works carried out by TIES. Sacred groves are also part of thematic gardens, which are great repository of many endemic and endangered plant species. Kavu or scared Grove restoration is accomplished by the participation of community stakeholders and local self governments. The concept of eco-friendly maintenance is strictly followed by avoiding chemicals either in the form of fertilizers or pesticides, minimum usage of water, and composing of bio-waste. Unique protocol is followed for providing bio fertilizers, bio control and other pant protection activities. Compost pits are also part of the BEP programme, and the compost is used as organic fertilizer for fruit trees, butterfly garden plants, medicinal garden, etc.