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Apiculture

Apiculture

Apiculture or bee keeping is a promising off-farm enterprise, which directly and indirectly contributes to smallholder‘s income in particular and nation‘s economy in general. Agricultural yield across the world depend on bees for pollination and today globally bees are dying due to various reasons which range from chemical pesticides, increased radio signals, change in farming practices to epidemics. The lack of variety of wildflowers providing a varied diet of pollen has also been a big reason contributing to the decline of bee populations. Bee keeping is facing worldwide challenge due to diseases like Colony Collapse Disorder, Thai sac brood etc. Bee keepers are using antibiotics to control these diseases and to keep the colonies healthy. This has resulted in contamination of honey with traces of both harmful pesticides and antibiotics like streptomycin and ampicillin present in honey. Tremendous variation of agro-climatic conditions and biodiversity in India favoured the existence of diversified honeybee flora and huge number of honeybee colonies naturally. Useful small-scale efforts to encourage beekeeping interventions can be found throughout the world, helping people to strengthen livelihoods and ensuring maintenance of habitat and biodiversity Honey bees are not just honey producers but they also play the key role of pollinators in the eco system, which is an important factor which decide the production of fruits, vegetables and overall ecosystem health. Sustainable beekeeping seeks to address the importance of beekeeping in terms of its ecological, social and economic benefits TIES provides training on sustainable apiculture and provides all the equipment and colonies needed to kickstart the venture. The trainees will learn to maintain bee hives, manage colony divisions, collect and process honey etc.